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As the PAL team started looking at developments in the original countries and elsewhere, they realized that transnational actors could play important roles.

States, international courts and organizations, and NGOs are supporting resistance to authoritarianism around the world, but we know little about how this is being done and with what effect. A new project, called GRAD (Global Resistance to Authoritarian Diffusion) was created to fill the gap.

GRAD is based at Transnational Law Institute at the King's College London, and supported by a consortium of institutions including the FGV Law School in São Paulo and the University of Wisconsin Law School.

On this page, you will find posts related to GRAD.

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